Adaptive Authentication is a method for selecting the right authentication factors depending on a user's risk profile and tendencies - it adapts the authentication type to each situation.
This is a new approach to authentication that adds additional security while minimizing the intrusiveness of the process on users. There are two key components: Threat and risk checks and Multi-factor Authentication (MFA). Risk checks are performed in the background without user awareness. MFA takes place only if a risk is detected. For example, during a login attempt a risk check may look at the reputation of the network a user is on, the geographic location of the source or device characteristics. If an anomaly is detected, MFA kicks in to help authenticate the login attempt.
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