HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

The goal of HIPAA is to enable the movement of health information among health-related organizations in a protected manner.

 

It includes various stringent privacy and security protections including limits on sharing and use of encryption, and it specifically defines the authorized uses and disclosures of "individually-identifiable" health information. It also sets requirements for how protected health information (PHI), in any form or medium, should be controlled. It is divided into five main Rules: Privacy Rule, Security Rule, Transactions and Code Sets (TCS) Rule, Unique Identifiers Rule and (HITECH) Enforcement Rule.

 

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